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DOE launches Energy Earthshots initiative; Hydrogen Shot first; $1/kg in 1 decade

Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm launched the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Energy Earthshots Initiative to accelerate breakthroughs of more abundant, affordable, and reliable clean energy solutions within the decade. The first Energy Earthshot—Hydrogen Shot—seeks to reduce the cost of clean hydrogen by 80% to $1 per kilogram in one decade.


Industries are beginning to implement clean hydrogen to reduce emissions, but there are still many hurdles to deploying it at scale. Currently, hydrogen from renewable energy costs about $5 per kilogram.

The Energy Earthshots are an all-hands-on-deck call for innovation, collaboration and acceleration of our clean energy economy by tackling the toughest remaining barriers to quickly deploy emerging clean energy technologies at scale. First up: Hydrogen Shot, which sets an ambitious yet achievable cost target to accelerate innovations and spur demand of clean hydrogen. Clean hydrogen is a game changer. It will help decarbonize high-polluting heavy-duty and industrial sectors, while delivering good-paying clean energy jobs and realizing a net-zero economy by 2050.

—Secretary Granholm

The Hydrogen Shot establishes a framework and foundation for clean hydrogen deployment in the Biden Administration’s American Jobs Plan, which includes support for demonstration projects.

The Energy Earthshots will drive integrated program development across DOE’s science, applied energy offices, and ARPA-E to address technological challenges and cost hurdles, and to advance solutions to help achieve climate and economic competitiveness goals.

As part of the launch, at the DOE’s Hydrogen Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, DOE’s Hydrogen Program issued a Request for Information (RFI) on viable hydrogen demonstrations, including specific locations, that can help lower the cost of hydrogen, reduce carbon emissions and local air pollution, create good-paying jobs, and provide benefits to disadvantaged communities. (DE-FOA-0002529) Topics in the RFI include:

  • Hydrogen Production, Resources, and Infrastructure

  • End Users for Hydrogen Based on Specific Regions, Cost, and Value Propositions

  • Greenhouse Gas and Other Pollutant Emissions Reduction Potential

  • Diversity, Equity, Inclusion (DEI), Jobs, and Environmental Justice

  • Science and Innovation Needs and Challenges



And how do they plan to reach this miracle.
$1/kg means 2.5 cents/kwh. They are planning to sell hydrogen energy cheaper than the electric grid energy?

All this hydrogen hype is becoming more and more ridiculous every day.

Jakob Sperling

@ peskanov
2.5 cents/kWh ist no problem if you produce it with pv at a good location. There are already commercial bits at a the price of about 1.1 cents.


clean hydrogen
This means sequestering fossil carbon.


the question is, if you can produce a kwh at 1 cent, why use it on producing hydrogen at small time lapses (when the sun shines predictably). You will be better selling it to the grid, where you will get a better return.

Also, large electrolysis equipment needs to be amortized for low hydrogen prices. You can't operate at those small "sun" lapses. You want to operate your equipment 24/7.So you are going to connect your factory to the grid.

Conclusion: at the end of the day, for industrial processing you will not get much better electricity pricing than grid pricing. And that's logical, the grid is there for that reason, provide reliable energy 24h a day at minimum price.

I think SJC is on point here, these $1/kg targets are for natural gas reformation and similar.

Roger Pham

$1 /kg target is for over a decade from now. By then, perhaps there will no longer be a market to provide solar PV energy for the grid for new solar PV investors since the demand for solar to grid will have been filled, thus forcing them to look for new market in solar to gas. But, $1 /kg is just a target, perhaps too ambitious target. Even $2 /kg would still be very good, and will be quite competitive with fossil fuel, which will be gradually depleted and going up in prices.

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