The city of Moscow, Russia is halting the purchase of diesel buses for its passenger transport fleet.
Starting this year, by the decision of the Mayor of Moscow, we will not buy diesel buses, except for transportation in a special mode. Only electric buses. We will also install about 200 electric charging spots a year for the development of personal electric transport.—Maksim Liksutov, Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Transport
Moscow is already a leader among European capitals in having an eco-friendly surface transport fleet. By the end of 2021 there will be 1000 electric buses on duty.
The use of electric buses on urban routes reduced the emissions of pollutants into the air of Moscow by 40 thousand tons in 2020. Replacing one diesel bus with an electric bus reduces CO2 emissions into the environment by 60.7 tons per year. For every 5 Muscovites the electric bus has become the main mode of transport. The increase in the number of electric buses in 2021-2022 will reduce harmful emissions by 86 thousand tons annually.
Electric buses are fully coping with transportation in the conditions of the Moscow winter; the innovative transport has already worked for the third season without interruptions. In the Moscow winter, temperatures normally drop to approximately −10 °C (14 °F); winter runs from the beginning of November to the end of March.
In 2.5 years of operation, electric buses have already traveled more than 40 million kilometers and carried more than 90 million passengers.
Russia-based heavy-duty truck vehicle manufacturer KAMAZ has already opened a center to produce electric buses in Moscow. (Earlier post.) The production site is located on the territory of the Sokolniki Car Repair and Construction Plant (SVARZ)—a branch of the State Unitary Enterprise Mosgortrans.
About 40% of all electric bus production operations take place at SVARZ. These operations are the most expensive and account for about 60% of the total cost of producing an electric bus. At the first stage, up to 500 electric buses will be assembled at the new electric bus plant, at the second, up to 700.
By 2023, 372 more charging stations for electric buses will be installed in Moscow; in just 2.5 years there will be more than 500. This will enable the rapid transition of the capital’s city routes to electric traction.