Coltura: Federal & state EV policy & incentives must target gasoline superusers to achieve carbon emissions goals
Advocacy group Coltura has published a report that finds converting the biggest users of gasoline to EVs in the next ten years is critical to reaching climate goals and that present EV policies are poorly suited to accomplishing that conversion.
The report, “Gasoline Superusers,” presents the data available on drivers in the top 10% of gasoline consumption—the so-called “gasoline superusers.” It analyzes EV incentives and other policy options for transitioning superusers to EVs and presents a model for achieving significant cuts in gasoline consumption by 2030.
This is the first published study identifying the demographic characteristics of gasoline superusers and calling for EV incentive programs and other policies to focus on maximizing gasoline displacement. Getting gasoline superusers into EVs as quickly as possible is critical to hitting our climate goals because they consume a third of US gasoline.—Matthew Metz, the lead author of the report and founder and co-executive director of Coltura
The current flat EV incentives are being used primarily by higher-income drivers who tend not to use much gasoline. The people who use the most gasoline are more evenly spread across the income spectrum, and many lower-income gasoline superusers spend upwards of 20% of their household income on gasoline. It’s more equitable as well as more efficient to give these drivers the biggest incentives to switch to EVs.—Janelle London, co-author of the report
Among the findings of the report:
Drivers are highly unequal in their gasoline consumption. The drivers in the top 10% of gasoline consumption each use upwards of 1,000 gallons of gasoline each year.
Collectively, gasoline superusers burn nearly one-third of all gasoline consumed in the US by light-duty vehicles. This is more than the bottom 60% of users combined. The top 20% of gasoline users burn 48%.
Gasoline superusers drive three times more miles than the average driver (30,348 miles per year, compared to 8,698), are more likely to drive pickups and SUVs, and are more likely to live in rural areas.
Gasoline superusers have similar income and educational levels as the general population, but lower average income levels than current EV drivers.
Louisiana, Wyoming, and Mississippi are the states with the highest concentration of superusers, while Houston, Detroit, St. Louis have the highest concentration of superusers among US metro areas.
The report suggests that EV purchase incentives should be optimized to maximize gasoline displacement and achieve maximum emissions reductions per taxpayer dollar. This can be done by tying the amount of the EV purchase incentive to the amount of annual gasoline consumption displaced by switching to an EV.
Consumption would be calculated by using total miles driven by the current owner, years owned, and the EPA fuel economy rating.