Audi putting a centralized server solution into test operation in cycle-dependent production; edge solution gets rid of individual PCs
23 August 2022
Audi is putting a centralized server solution into test operation in cycle-dependent production; it says it is the first manufacturer to do so. With this Edge Cloud 4 Production local server solution, Audi is initiating a paradigm shift in automation technology.
With the Edge Cloud 4 Production, a few centralized and local servers will take on the work of countless expensive industrial PCs. The server solution makes it possible to level out spikes in demand over the total number of virtualized clients—a more efficient use of resources. Production will save time and effort, particularly where software rollouts, operating system changes, and IT-related expenses are concerned.
What we’re doing here is a revolution. We used to have to buy hardware when we wanted to introduce new functions. With Edge Cloud 4 Production, we only buy applications in the form of software. That is the crucial step toward IT-based production.—Gerd Walker, Member of the Board of Management of AUDI AG Production and Logistics
After successful testing in the Audi Production Lab (P-Lab), three local servers will take over directing workers in the Böllinger Höfe. If the server infrastructure continues to operate reliably, Audi wants to roll out this automation technology for serial production throughout the entire Volkswagen Group.
In the Böllinger Höfe near Neckarsulm, the Audi e-tron GT quattro1 and the R8 share an assembly line. The small-scale series e produced there are particularly well suited for testing projects from the P-Lab and trying things out for large-scale series.
The crucial advantage of Edge Cloud 4 Production is that countless industrial PCs can be replaced along with their input and output devices and no longer need to be individually maintained. Process safety is also greatly improved. In the event of a disruption, the load can be shifted to other servers. In contrast, a broken industrial PC would have to be replaced. That takes time. On top of that, the solution reduces the workload for employees.
In the future, thin clients capable of what is known as power-over-Ethernet will set the pace. These terminal devices get their electrical power via Ethernet cables and most of their computational power through local servers. They have USB ports for output devices. That enables managers directing workers to look at a monitor and see what needs to be mounted onto which vehicle. In the future, an oversized PC with processing and storage capacity will not be necessary for these tasks.
Software-based infrastructures have proven themselves in data processing centers. We’re convinced they will also work well in production.—Henning Löser, head of Audi’s Production Lab
Together with the experts from the P-Lab, the IT managers around Christoph Hagmüller, the Head of IT Services at Audi in Neckarsulm and co-manager for Production IT in the Böllinger Höfe, are rolling out the new solution. With its comparatively low unit and cycle numbers, the Böllinger Höfe is ideally suited to functioning as a real lab for testing the new concept in series production.
Edge Cloud 4 Production has a hyper-converged infrastructure (HCI). This software-defined system combines all the elements of a small data processing center: storage, computing, networking, and management. The software defines functionalities such as web servers, databases, and managing systems. The cloud solution can also be quickly scaled at will to adapt to changing production requirements.
However, a public cloud link is out of the question due to production’s stringent security requirements. Additionally, local servers make the necessary, very short latencies possible.
These are the reasons why we install the servers near us. That’s also why we call the solution Edge Cloud: because it’s close to our shop floor environment.—Henning Löser
The new IT concept also improves ease of maintenance and IT security. With industrial PCs, the patch cycles (the intervals between necessary updates) are usually longer. On top of that, updates can only be installed during pauses in production. With the cloud-based infrastructure, IT experts can roll out patches in all phases within a few minutes via the central servers. Moreover, IT colleagues install functionality updates in all virtual clients at the same time, such as a new operating system.
Hagmüller says that the need for additional functionality will get increasingly elaborate and expensive in the future. He estimates that the cost of an update—for example, from Windows 10 to Windows 11—can be reduced by about one-third.
Additionally, with the server solution, we aren’t dependent on loose timeframes in Production anymore. It gives us tremendous flexibility to ensure our software and operating systems are always completely up to date.—Christoph Hagmüller
Both data processing centers in the Neckarsulm plant are slated for subsequent mass production. A fiber optic cable connects them with the Böllinger Höfe. According to Henning Löser, 5G will be relevant in the second stage. Thus far, a separate computer has been installed in every automated guided vehicle (AGV). Here too, experts must install costly security updates and new operating systems. It is conceivable that they could acquire new functionalities, but they are seldom transferable to their computers.
We need a fast, high-availability network for that. In our testing environment in the P-Lab, we have taken another step forward concerning 5G.—Henning Löser