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Hitachi Astemo develops anti-jerk control to improve EV ride comfort; motor torque control to improve power consumption and stability

Hitachi Astemo has developed a prototype of an anti-jerk control that improves ride comfort by reducing the back-and-forth jerk that can occur when the vehicle stops, and a motor torque control (motor ABS (anti-lock braking system)) that improves electricity consumption, driving stability and a sense of security by maintaining appropriate wheel slippage during regenerative braking on slippery surfaces.

When bringing a vehicle to a stop, braking force must be controlled by loosening or strengthening the brakes appropriately according to the speed, or else jerks will occur, resulting in shaking that impairs ride comfort. To solve this issue, Hitachi Astemo developed a prototype that leverages the features of electrified vehicles.

Unlike the torque of an internal combustion engine, which is powered by fuel combustion, the torque of an electric motor is highly responsive to the driver’s operation and can be increased quickly when accelerating or decelerating. Electric vehicles are also equipped with a mechanism called regenerative braking, which converts the torque into electric energy when the accelerator pedal is released. It quickly reduces the motor’s rotation with torque and it generates electricity while uses torque for the braking force.

Hitachi Astemo has developed an anti-jerk control system that takes advantage of the motor’s torque characteristics and the braking power of regenerative braking. The system will suppress jerks by appropriately controlling the amount of torque to optimize the motor’s braking power when the accelerator pedal is released. With this control, even ordinary drivers can easily achieve smooth stops with little jolting achieving the same results as those of a skilled driver.


Change of motor torque and vehicle velocity with anti-jerk during accelerator release.

When driving on icy and slippery road surfaces, the regenerative braking alone could cause the tires to slip, which in turn reduces steering and driving stability. One way to avoid this issue is to stop the regenerative brake operation, which can suppress tire slippage, but this will reduce the amount of regenerated electric energy, which will worsen electricity consumption.

Hitachi Astemo has developed a motor torque control technology that does not stop the regenerative brake itself, but controls the torque of the drive motor according to the driving conditions of the vehicle. The technology enables the vehicle to continue regenerating electricity even during deceleration when the accelerator pedal is turned off, while controlling tire slip and stabilizing the driving condition. This enables both regeneration of electricity and a sense of security due to improved driving stability during deceleration.



This is a great idea. It is just not a new concept that Hitachi Astemo invented. With my 2019 Chevy Bolt in single pedal mode or auto-regen mode, it will come to a complete smooth stop it you just take you foot off the accelerator pedal. The car also comes to a smooth complete stop with the regen paddle. Obviously, the GM (and other) engineers understood this some time ago. I have not driven a Volt but I would be surprised if it did not have the same smooth stop under regen.

If you are not familiar with the term jerk when it is used with motion, jerk is rate of change of acceleration ( or for the mathematically inclined, it is the third derivative of distance with respective to time). If you have a constant rate of deceleration to a complete stop, you have a high jerk term right when the car stops as the deceleration suddenly goes from a constant value to zero. When driving a car with standard hydraulic brakes, most drivers to learn to back off the brakes right as you come to a complete stop. You can also have a high jerk term when turning. If have ever ridden an amusement park ride called the wild mouse, you will understand jerk. Railroads use what is called spiral easement to control jerk going into and coming out of a term.

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