Lamborghini provides first details of LB744 hybrid super sports car; V12 engine, 3 motors, 1015 CV
08 March 2023
Lamborghini has provided the first details of its first HPEV (High Performance Electrified Vehicle) hybrid super sports car, codenamed LB744, which will make its debut shortly.The LB744 features an all-new architecture with new powertrain tnat delivers 1015 CV in total, combining the power of a new 12-cylinder internal combustion engine with three electric motors and a new double clutch gearbox that makes its debut on the 12-cylinder Lamborghini.
The naturally-aspirated 6.5-liter V12 mid-mounted engine is complemented by three electric motors, one of which is integrated into the new double-clutch eight-speed gearbox. This is mounted transversely and placed for the first time behind the combustion engine. In what has been the transmission tunnel since the days of the Countach, there is a lithium-ion battery instead, which powers the electric motors.
The electric motors boost power delivery at low revs and can also turn the new LB744 into a purely electric car, reducing overall CO2 emissions by 30% compared to the Aventador Ultimae.
Lamborghini has been synonymous with V12 engines since the company was founded. The very first Lamborghini model to sport this characteristic engine was the iconic 350GT launched in 1963. The first time that an electric motor was matched to a 12-cylinder internal combustion engine in a Lamborghini was in 2019 with the Sián, which used a 25 kW electric engine to support the previous generation of V12, storing the electrical energy in a supercapacitor.
The LB744 introduces a new hybrid architecture and a new generation of V12. The HPEV is a plug-in hybrid super sports car equipped with a lightweight high-power lithium ion battery, housed within the transmission tunnel in the central section of the chassis.
The new 6.5L L545 engine is the lightest and most powerful 12-cylinder engine ever made by Lamborghini. It weighs just 218 kilograms—17 kg less than the Aventador unit. The LB744 features the engine rotated through 180 degrees compared to the Aventador layout.
The superquadro V12 puts out 825 CV at 9250 revs per minute due to the redesigned distribution system that supports a maximum rev range of 9500 rpm. Specific power is 128 CV per liter—the highest output in the history of Lamborghini’s 12-cylinder engines—while maximum torque is 725 N·m at 6750 rpm.
The air intake ducts to the cylinders have been re-engineered to increase the supply of air and guarantee optimal airflow in the combustion chamber. The combustion within the actual engine has also been optimized, due to the regulation of ionization in the chamber with two control units: a solution already used in the Aventador and now transferred to the new model.
The new combustion system is also characterized by an increased compression ratio (12.6:1 compared to 11.8:1 for the Aventador Ultimae). The fluid dynamics of the exhaust have also been improved to reduce counter-pressure at high revs and increase the specific power output.
The LB744 retains one of Lamborghini’s strongest traditions: four-wheel drive. As well as the internal combustion engine that provides power to the rear wheels, a pair of electric motors now make their debut on the front axle, each supplying traction to one of the front wheels. There’s also a third electric motor positioned above the eight-speed double-clutch gearbox that can supply power to the rear wheels, depending on the selected driving mode and the conditions.
The combined torque from the combustion engine and three electric motors offers performance levels that are unique even within the domain of super sports cars, with 725 Nm produced by
The internal combustion engine produces 725 N·m and each of the front electric motors produce 350 N·m. In total, the power unit delivers a combined maximum output of 1015 CV.
The two electric motors at the front are oil-cooled axial flux units that each weigh 18.5 kg and deliver 110 kW. As well as providing power to the front wheels, they also have a torque vectoring function, optimizing driving dynamics, and recuperating the energy produced under braking. When in electric mode, the LB744 is front-wheel drive only to optimize energy consumption, while electric drive to the rear axle is activated on demand when needed.The Lamborghini LB744 is equipped with a lithium-ion high specific power (4500 W/kg) battery pack situated within the central tunnel, keeping the center of gravity as low as possible and ensuring optimal weight distribution. The battery is protected by a lower structural layer and is connected to the front electric motors, the rear electric motor, and an integrated recharging unit.
The battery is 1550mm long, 301mm high, and 240mm wide, containing pouch cells with an overall capacity of 3.8 kWh. When the charge drops down to zero it can be recharged using both ordinary domestic alternating and charging column current up to 7 kW in power, and completely recharges in just 30 minutes. It can also be recharged under regenerative braking from the front wheels or directly from the V12 engine in just six minutes.
The adoption of a new platform has delivered innovative technical decisions involving the gearbox: the nerve center of the hybrid plug-in unit. The unit was developed and designed by Lamborghini entirely in-house, and after the LB744 it will go on to equip the next generation of super sports cars.
Lamborghini’s research and development department developed a wet double clutch as the most efficient and performance-oriented solution, best capable of managing the 725 N·m of torque at 6750 rpm from the internal combustion engine.
The new eight-speed gearbox is positioned transversally behind the longitudinal V12 engine, to leave space in the tunnel for the lithium-ion battery that feeds the electric motors—a technical solution unique in the world of high-performance cars, Lamborghini says. The layout helps to keep the car’s wheelbase contained and supports effective weight distribution for the best driving dynamics.
In the 60-year history of Lamborghini, only two other V12 cars have been equipped with a transverse rear gearbox: the revolutionary Miura launched in 1966, which also adopted a mid-rear transverse engine layout; and the Essenza SCV12, a track-focused hypercar with a longitudinal engine and load-bearing transverse gearbox.
The internal structure of the new gearbox has two distinct shafts as opposed to the usual three. One manages the even-numbered gears, the other manages the odd numbers. Both engage the same rotor. This layout helps to keep down the overall weight while also saving space.
The development of an eight-speed Double Clutch Transmission (DCT) comes from the desire to create a unit that provides everything needed for sporty driving such as fast gear shifts, while the inclusion of an eighth ratio helps optimize fuel consumption and drivability while cruising. A particular feature is the continuous downshifting, which drops down multiple gears under braking simply by holding down the left paddle, giving the driver the feeling of total control.
Leaving aside the electrical components, the new DCT gearbox is lighter and faster in terms of shifting speed compared to the seven-speed double clutch unit that is used in the Huracán range. The transverse layout has also allowed for a more spacious cabin interior, creating more room behind the driver and passenger to improve comfort.
The double-clutch gearbox is extremely compact; just 560mm long, 750mm wide and 580mm high. Total weight is just 193 kg, which includes a new component fundamental to the car’s hybrid architecture: the rear electric motor, with maximum power of 110 kW and peak torque of 150 N·m.
Located above the gearbox, this electric motor doubles as the starter motor and generator, as well as supplying energy to the front electric motors via the battery in the transmission tunnel. In full electric mode it can also provide power to the rear wheels that, in addition to the e-motors driving the front wheels, allows zero-emission four-wheel drive.
How the system functions depends on which driving mode is engaged, thanks to an uncoupling mechanism with a dedicated synchronizer allowing the connection to the double-clutch gearbox. When it is providing additional power to the V12 internal combustion engine, the electric motor is in P3 position, separated from the gearbox, while it moves into the P2 position to recharge the battery at low speeds and when parked, also serving a starter motor.
In the P3 position, the LB744 can become an electric four-wheel drive car, depending on the drive mode selected, continuing Lamborghini’s four-wheel drive tradition even with zero emissions.
Reverse gear is provided by the two front electric motors, although if extra momentum is needed the rear electric motor can also kick in, which activates the rear axle and wheels. As a result, the new LB744 can drive all four wheels in zero emission mode even when reversing in low grip conditions.
I just don't get this.
Why not make something like a super Nissan E_Power where you use quite a large generator motor (Diesel or Petrol) to charge the battery to send the power to the wheels.
If required, you could supply genuine Lambo noise for people who want to get noticed.
You could also have (an optional) 12 kWh of "ordinary Li batteries " to add a PHEV electric only mode for some cities.
12V would be better than V12, IMO.
Posted by: mahonj | 08 March 2023 at 10:02 AM
Agree with Mahonj...A V12 is over-kill and excessive complexity. A V-6 1.6-liter turbocharged engine in F-1 cars can deliver already 1,000 hp. A 2-liter 4-cylinder engine that is highly boosted with turbocharger can deliver nearly as much power, around 600 hp. The weight saved in a much smaller turbocharged engine and getting rid of the 180-kg gear-shift transmission can buy bigger e-motors and bigger battery pack to make this a PHEV...
Why a PHEV with high-electric power and decent all-e range is VERY important? It is to save on the wear and tear of the cold engine and on the oil for frequent short trips, to greatly reduce start-up emission that is greatest in a cold engine with cold catalytic converter, to eliminate engine emission from daily commute, and wear on the engine-out reduction gear, and to overcome the ban of non-plug-in cars in the near future. With hefty e-power, there would be no need for a gear-shift transmission, saving on cost, weight, and internal friction that would rob some of the MPG rating.
Why an ICE would still be needed? It is for the pleasure of motor sport, providing the thrill from the engine sound and vibration...the good vibes and the roaring sounds as music to enthusiast's ears...Driving an all-electric sport car is a very deprived and numb experience...from the auditory, tactile, and olfactory senses as well !
Plus, the engine provide for much longer range and HYPER-charging in 3 minute at 4,000 kW of power for energy recharge at 120,000 HYPER-charging stations in the USA alone! In all these regards, an all-electric car is a very deficient high-price vehicle.
Posted by: Roger Pham | 08 March 2023 at 01:23 PM
With enough e-motor power of around 400-500 hp in a 3,500-lb vehicle, there will be no need for a gear-shift transmission, because the e-motors will provide enough traction-limited torque to the wheels at 0-60 mph speeds like the Tesla Model S. At higher speeds, the torque from e-motors will diminish and will need the engine's torque for fast high-speed acceleration, so the engine can be clutched directly to the axle at above 60 mph all the way to top speed to provide direct torque, while at slower speeds, the engine will simply drive the generator-starter-motor to provide electricity to drive the other e-motors. Why bother with gear-shift transmission, when there'll be enough e-motor torque on board to provide traction-limited torque?
Posted by: Roger Pham | 08 March 2023 at 01:51 PM
A new plug-in hybrid for discerning commuters?
In some ways, this reminds me of the final gasp of piston engines for airliners with 28 cylinders and turbo-compound drive.
Posted by: sd | 09 March 2023 at 02:32 PM
Final gasp of piston engines...??? Not so soon...NOT until BEV somehow can achieve 600-mi range while costing under $30k USD, and can be HYPER-charged at 4000 kW of power, to obtain 600-mi driving range in 3 minutes...at over 120,000 HYPER-charging stations in the USA alone. Each HYPER-charging stations TODAY can HYPER-charge as many as 12-20 PHEVs at a time, to deliver as much as 4 MW x 20 = 80 MW of power.
Will a Supercharging station ever be capable of such a feat? Clearly NOT...As such, BEVs are clearly deficient and are clearly inferior to PHEVs and HEVs.
People will eventually wake up to this reality and will regard BEVs merely as a fad that will eventually fade away...like BEVs did 100 years ago. They will realize that PHEVs can travel 90% of total mileage purely on electricity to match the emission profile of BEV, while costing less, lower CO2 emission during the manufacturing process, much lower the burden on raw material consumption...while having NONE of the limitations of BEVs. The many limitations of BEVs are simply NOT acceptable when we can do a lot better!
Posted by: Roger Pham | 09 March 2023 at 09:54 PM
You took my comment out of context. I was comparing the complexity of the Lamborghini drive train with a 12 cylinder engine, dual clutch transmission, and multiple motors with that of that of the last of the high performance piston engines used in airliners before the jet engined aircraft pushed them aside. I said nothing about BEV vs plug-in hybrid vehicles.
Posted by: sd | 10 March 2023 at 11:38 AM
?? I have not commented on this article, so I am hardly guilty of taking you out of context!
You should be addressing Roger, it seems...
Posted by: Davemart | 10 March 2023 at 02:46 PM
Sorry, I am guilty of what I accused you of -- not reading carefully. Roger Pham has the same red mark with his name.
Posted by: sd | 11 March 2023 at 06:47 AM