Plug Power signs 3 GW BEDP contract with Allied Green Ammonia for electrolyzer project in Australia

Plug Power signed a Basic Engineering and Design Package (BEDP) with Allied Green Ammonia (AGA), an Australian company focused on green ammonia production, for a three-gigawatt (GW) electrolyzer plant supplying hydrogen to AGA’s planned ammonia facility proposed for the Northern Territory of Australia. Plug’s BEDP offering is instrumental for project... Read more →


Fortescue, with support from the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA), successfully completed propulsion and maneuverability trials of its Singapore-registered Fortescue Green Pioneer in the Port of Singapore. (Earlier post.) The trials were conducted using 6.4 m3 (4.4 tonnes) of liquid ammonia, in combination with diesel and Hydrogenated Vegetable... Read more →


Researchers investigate ammonia-enriched biogas as alternative fuel in diesels

In a paper in the journal Fuel, a team from India reports on their investigation of he potential of ammonia as a secondary fuel in diesel engines. A single-cylinder diesel engine was utilized to assess engine performance and combustion characteristics using ammonia gaseous blends. Ammonia was combined with biogas to... Read more →


Plug Power signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Allied Green Ammonia (AGA), an Australian company focused on green ammonia production, to supply up to 3 gigawatts (GW) of Plug electrolyzer capacity for AGA’s upcoming hydrogen-to-ammonia facility proposed for the Northern Territory of Australia. Following the MOU, Plug and AGA... Read more →


Topsoe, a global leader in carbon emission reduction technologies, has signed a contract with CF Industries, the world’s largest producer of ammonia, for the licensing and engineering supporting a front-end engineering and design (FEED) study of a new low-carbon ammonia plant in Louisiana. CF Industries is evaluating the project in... Read more →


Topsoe plans to build $400M electrolyzer factory in US

Topsoe plans to build in Chesterfield, Virginia a factory that will manufacture Solid Oxide Electrolyzer Cells (SOEC) (earlier post) that are essential to the efficient production of clean hydrogen and derivatives such as eAmmonia and eMethanol. Subject to Final Investment Decision (FID), this more than $400-million investment would mark Topsoe’s... Read more →


NGK INSULATORS and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) will develop jointly a hydrogen purification system that uses membrane separation to purify hydrogen-nitrogen mixture gas after ammonia cracking. The companies expect the technology to contribute to the establishment of a hydrogen and ammonia supply chain enabling high-volume transport. This joint project aims... Read more →


CF Industries and JERA explore development of greenfield low-carbon ammonia production capacity in the US

CF Industries Holdings, the world’s largest producer of ammonia, and JERA, Japan’s largest energy company, executed a joint development agreement (JDA) to explore the development of greenfield low-carbon ammonia production capacity at CF Industries’ Blue Point Complex in Louisiana. The JDA will guide JERA and CF Industries’ evaluation of a... Read more →


Imabari Shipbuilding will install an MAN B&W 7S60ME-Ammonia engine with SCR in connection with the construction of a 200,000 dwt class bulk carrier for a joint venture between K Line, NS United and Itochu Corporation. The business represents one of the first projects for MAN Energy Solutions’ ammonia-powered engine that... Read more →


Amogy and ITOCHU partner to explore application of ammonia-powered solution for decarbonizing ships

Amogy, a provider of mature, scalable, and efficient ammonia-to-power solutions, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with ITOCHU Corporation, a Japan-based global trading and import/export company. This strategic partnership is aimed at exploring the potential application of Amogy’s technology on ITOCHU’s maritime vessels. Amogy’s technology cracks liquid ammonia into its... Read more →


Tsinghua, BYD team explores combustion and emissions of gasoline/ammonia engine

A team from Tsinghua University, with colleagues from BYD research, investigated the impact of NH3 blending on combustion and emission characteristics of a stoichiometric spark-ignition gasoline engine, with a particular emphasis on nitrogen-based emissions. The experimental investigation was complemented by chemical kinetic calculations. A paper on their work is published... Read more →


A team from Iran and Finland has investigated ammonia/diesel RCCI (reactivity-controlled compression ignition) combustion, (earlier post); a paper on their work is published in the journal Fuel. Representation of RCCI engine. Fakhari et al. The reactivity-controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion mode presents a promising avenue for overcoming the challenges intrinsic... Read more →


Researchers from Tohoku University have identified a promising alternative to the conventional means of synthesizing ammonia, one that is more environmentally friendly. Details of their research are published in an open-access paper in the Journal of Materials Chemistry A. The Haber-Bosch synthesis, developed in the early 20th century to synthesize... Read more →


Fortescue, with the support of the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA), government agencies, research institutes, and industry partners, has successfully conducted the world’s first use of ammonia, in combination with diesel in the combustion process, as a marine fuel onboard the Singapore-flagged ammonia-powered vessel, the Fortescue Green Pioneer,... Read more →


MAN Energy Solutions announced the production of a massive Cluster 5 Double Layer SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) catalytic converter for customer, MITSUI E&S Co., Ltd.. The cluster comes ammonia-ready and is the largest such unit that the company has ever built. Such systems are typically used aboard cruise ships and... Read more →


CIP announces investments and agreements with LOTTE Chemical on clean ammonia projects

Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners (CIP), through its Energy Transition Fund, has signed a memorandum of understanding with LOTTE Chemical Corporation (LOTTE), Korea’s leading chemical company and one of the world’s largest producers of chemical products, to strengthen collaboration on clean ammonia projects. As part of the agreement, the two companies agree... Read more →


Nuvera Fuel Cells, LLC, a provider of fuel cell power solutions, is participating in the EU-funded APOLO project. APOLO (“Advanced POwer conversion technoLogies based on Onboard ammonia cracking through novel membrane reactors”) is dedicated to leveraging fuel cells and other power conversion technologies to decarbonize maritime transportation. Nuvera will provide... Read more →


Wärtsilä introduces Ammonia Fuel Supply System to ease shipping’s transition to ammonia fuel

Wärtsilä Gas Solutions, part of technology group Wärtsilä, introduced an Ammonia Fuel Supply System (AFSS) for ships able to operate with ammonia fuel. The system is available for both liquid and gaseous fuel. In line with shipping’s transition to decarbonized fuels, ammonia is widely seen as one of the most... Read more →


WinGD and Mitsubishi Shipbuilding complete initial design of ammonia fuel supply system

Swiss marine power company WinGD and Japanese shipbuilder and technology developer Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. have completed the initial design of an ammonia fuel supply system (AFSS) for vessels powered by WinGD’s X‑DF‑A ammonia-fueled engines. (Earlier post.) The AFSS design is the first result of a wide-ranging partnership announced last... Read more →


Researchers find turbulent jet ignition improves combustion of NH3/H2 mixtures

Researchers from the Beijing University of Technology have found that the combustion of NH3/H2 can be effectively improved by using turbulent jet ignition (TJI), especially under high NH3 fraction conditions. A paper on their work appears in the journal Fuel. Although NH3 is a potential carbon-free fuel with good storage... Read more →


Topsoe signed an engineering agreement with Approtium, a South Korean industrial supplier of hydrogen, to deliver Topsoe’s proven ammonia cracking technology, H2RETAKE, converting low-carbon ammonia, also referred to as blue ammonia, back into hydrogen. Topsoe will deliver its technology to Approtium’s landmark project in Ulsan, South Korea. The facility is... Read more →


Ocean Network Express (ONE) has been awarded Approval in Principle (AiP) for an ammonia dual-fueled vessel. Along with the investment in 12 methanol dual-fueled vessels, this marks another milestone for ONE on its journey towards net-zero by 2050. The newly AiP-awarded 3,500 TEU vessel was jointly developed by ONE, Nihon... Read more →


Amogy and Infinium partnering to explore ammonia and eFuels solutions

Amogy, a developer of ammonia power solutions (earlier post), and leading eFuels provider Infinium (earlier post) have entered into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to explore opportunities to integrate their technologies and develop commercial applications across the ammonia and eFuels value chain. To accelerate the decarbonization of heavy industry sectors,... Read more →


MAN Cryo wins approval for ammonia fuel-supply system

MAN Cryo’s design for an ammonia fuel-supply system to provide ammonia safely to marine-engine applications has been awarded an Approval in Principle from classification societies DNV and Bureau Veritas. Part of MAN Energy Solutions and a leading expert in the field of storage and handling of LNG and natural gas,... Read more →


Corvus Energy has been awarded funding for the integration of ammonia cracker technology with its Pelican Fuel Cell system. The project, titled “APOLO”, is a collaboration between several partners and aims to solve the challenges of power conversion from ammonia and develop an efficient and flexible ammonia cracking technology for... Read more →


Researchers investigate lean combustion of ammonia-hydrogen mixtures in a pre-chamber engine

Researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University, with colleagues from Shaanxi Diesel Heavy Industry, have investigated the impact of the hydrogen energy fraction (Hfrac), equivalence ratio, and ignition timing on the combustion and emission characteristics of ammonia-hydrogen mixtures at lean combustion conditions in a pre-chamber (PC) marine engine by CFD Simulation.... Read more →


Tanker company Euronav to acquire CMB.TECH for US$1.15B cash; hydrogen and ammonia engines

Independent tanker company Euronav NV and CMB NV, its controlling shareholder, entered into a share purchase agreement for the acquisition of 100% of the shares in CMB.TECH NV for a purchase price of US$1.150 billion in cash. CMB.TECH is a diversified cleantech maritime group. CMB.TECH builds, owns, operates and designs... Read more →


Mitsubishi, Amogy SK partnering on ammonia cracking in Japan and S Korea

Mitsubishi Corporation and Amogy entered a strategic partnership that will focus on accelerating the adoption of Amogy’s ammonia-to-power and ammonia cracking technology in large-scale hydrogen carrier applications in East Asia, particularly Japan and South Korea. The joint study, set to commence in December 2023 with SK Innovation, will first assess... Read more →


JERA, the Japan-based energy company created through the consolidation of the fuel and thermal power departments of the Tokyo Electric Power Company and the Chubu Electric Power Company, launched a joint study with NYK Line and Resonac aimed at achieving the first supply of fuel ammonia to ships. JERA is... Read more →


WinGD partners with Alfa Laval to advance the development of ammonia-powered engines

Alfa Laval and Swiss engine designer WinGD have established a partnership in which Alfa Laval will deliver two fuel supply systems (FSS) for testing WinGD’s ammonia-fueled engine in early 2024. Ammonia is anticipated to become a key fuel in the shipping industry’s efforts to reduce its impact on carbon emissions.... Read more →


ITOCHU, Hive to collaborate on green ammonia project in South Africa

ITOCHU Corporation concluded a Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) concerning a collaboration in the field of green ammonia with Hive Hydrogen South Africa. ITOCHU and Hive will jointly engage in deliberation regarding the green ammonia production project in Coega, South Africa. Hive Hydrogen South Africa is backed by UK-based Hive Energy... Read more →


GreenGo Energy has filed an application to Ministry of Petroleum, Energy and Mines in Mauritania for the development of one of the world’s largest green energy parks: Megaton Moon. Megaton Moon is planned for a staged implementation process to reach 60GW/190TWh of hybrid solar and wind generation and 35GW electrolysis... Read more →


H2SITE validates on-board ammonia cracking system generating high-purity hydrogen coupled with PEM fuel cell

H2SITE has validated the first ammonia cracker to produce high-purity hydrogen for onboard power generation using a PEM fuel cell. An integrated membrane reactor has been installed and operated on board of the BERTHA B supply ship, sailing the shores of the Gulf of Biscay. Maritime transport is responsible for... Read more →


Topsoe signs first Australian green ammonia contract with Allied Green Ammonia

Topsoe has signed a contract with Allied, a developer of energy infrastructure projects, to deliver its dynamic green ammonia technology for Allied’s project in Gove, Northern Territory, Australia. The produced green ammonia is intended to be exported from Gove to the expanding South East Asian markets where demand for e-fuels... Read more →


Ammonia can be utilized directly in a combustion engine without conversion to hydrogen, and the infrastructure already exists as it is one of the most produced and transported chemicals. Thus, ammonia—one of the most cost-efficient ways to carry and store renewable hydrogen—can facilitate the introduction of hydrogen into the existing... Read more →


Sembcorp, IHI and GE Vernova to explore retrofitting of power plant with ammonia-firing capabilities

Singapore-based Sembcorp Industries (Sembcorp), IHI Corporation (IHI) and GE Vernova’s Gas Power business have signed a non-binding Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to jointly explore the potential retrofitting of Sembcorp’s Sakra power plant in Singapore with ammonia-firing capabilities. This partnership is an extension of an earlier MOU between Sembcorp and IHI... Read more →


WinGD wins first approval in principle for ammonia two-stroke engine

Swiss marine power company WinGD has secured the first approval in principle (AiP) for two-stroke engines fueled with ammonia. Lloyd’s Register awarded the AiP to WinGD’s X‑DF‑A dual-fuel range (earlier post), giving shipowners the assurances they need to realize vessel designs using ammonia-fueled main engines for the first time. Development... Read more →


WinGD collaborates with KSS Line for ammonia-fueled gas carriers

Swiss marine power company WinGD has signed a memorandum of understanding with KSS Line to explore X‑DF‑A engines for future newbuild projects. The companies will focus on 52cm- and 62cm-bore versions of the dual-fuel ammonia engines, suitable for midsize and very large gas carriers (VLGC). The agreement is the latest... Read more →


CF Industries and POSCO evaluating joint US blue ammonia project and long-term offtake agreement into South Korea

CF Industries Holdings, the world’s largest producer of ammonia, and POSCO Holdings, South Korea’s largest steelmaker as well as a leader in energy trading and power generation, are evaluating a joint venture to construct a low-carbon clean ammonia plant at CF Industries’ Blue Point Complex in Ascension Parish, Louisiana, United... Read more →


TECO 2030 ASA and Pherousa Green Shipping AS (PGS) signed a green package supply agreement for up to six modern, zero-emission Ultramax dry bulk carriers of about 63.000 deadweight tons each. Each vessel will be equipped with 12 megawatts (MW) of TECO 2030 fuel cells for main propulsion onboard. Pherousa... Read more →


WinGD and Samsung Heavy Industries to cooperate on future vessel applications with ammonia-fueled engines

Swiss marine power company WinGD and shipbuilder Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI) have agreed to cooperate on future fuel vessel applications with ammonia-fueled engines. The memorandum of understanding, signed during the Gastech conference in Singapore this week, indicates a strong intention on the part of SHI to install WinGD’s X-DF-A dual-fuel... Read more →


ClassNK issues AiP for ammonia fuel supply system for oil tanker and container ship developed by Samsung Heavy

ClassNK has issued an Approval in Principle (AiP) for an ammonia fuel supply system for oil tanker and container ship developed by Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI). Ammonia is expected to be used as a ship fuel for decarbonization since it does not emit CO2 when combusted. Meanwhile, adequate safety measures... Read more →


thyssenkrupp Uhde to deliver feasibility study for major power-to-ammonia project

thyssenkrupp Uhde has been engaged by Ark Energy Corporation Pty Ltd on behalf of the Han-Ho H2 Consortium to deliver a Feasibility Study to support the development of the Han-Ho H2 Hub Project. The project seeks to build a green energy supply chain exporting up to 1.8 million tonnes of... Read more →


Topsoe selected by World Energy GH2 to supply ammonia loop for Canada’s largest renewable hydrogen plant

Topsoe has signed an agreement with World Energy GH2, a net-zero solutions provider, to provide Topsoe’s dynamic ammonia loop technology for Canada’s largest—and one of the world’s first-to-market, renewable hydrogen projects—Project Nujio’qonik. (Nujio’qonik is The Mi’kmaw name for Bay St. George) Located in the Bay St. George region of Newfoundland... Read more →


A team from Nanjing University, Hubei Normal University and Zhejiang University has developed a cobalt-doped graphdiyne catalyst for catalytically decomposing ammonia (NH3) to generate H2. The composite catalyst significantly enhances the reactivity and stability of ammonia decomposition. In a paper in the journal Fuel, the researchers report that the Co-doped... Read more →


WinGD on track to deliver ammonia engines in 2025

Swiss marine power company WinGD says it is on track to deliver its first X-DF-A dual-fuel ammonia engines by the first quarter of 2025, with the first X-DF-A powered vessels in service from 2026. The confirmation, which follows combustion tests at WinGD research facilities in December 2022, is backed by... Read more →


Brazil-based metals and mining multinational Vale announced a partnership with Wabtec Corporation to advance the decarbonization of Vale’s rail operations. The deal includes an order for three of Wabtec’s FLXdrive battery locomotives and a collaboration to test ammonia as a potential clean, alternative fuel to replace diesel. The three 100%... Read more →


MAN Energy Solutions announced the successful first running of a test engine on ammonia at its Research Centre Copenhagen (RCC). The company reports that the successful combustion was performed on a MAN B&W two-stroke 4T50ME-X type and produced positive results with particularly promising data regarding pilot-oil amount and combustion stability.... Read more →


The global market for ammonia is poised to triple in the coming decades with nearly all of the growth coming from low-carbon ammonia, according to a new analysis by S&P Global Commodity Insights. Driven by improved economics resulting from decarbonization policies, low-carbon ammonia is expected to grow from its current... Read more →