ArcelorMittal and Polmotors partner to reduce automotive supply chain emissions

ArcelorMittal Europe – Flat Products and Polmotors, a leading international player in the global market of metal forming and automotive components assembly, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that is focused on reducing CO2 emissions in the supply chain as well as using XCarb solutions. The MoU between ArcelorMittal... Read more →


A team from Iran and Finland has investigated ammonia/diesel RCCI (reactivity-controlled compression ignition) combustion, (earlier post); a paper on their work is published in the journal Fuel. Representation of RCCI engine. Fakhari et al. The reactivity-controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion mode presents a promising avenue for overcoming the challenges intrinsic... Read more →


The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued its final rule, “Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Heavy-Duty Vehicles – Phase 3,” that sets stronger standards to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from heavy-duty (HD) vehicles beginning in model year (MY) 2027. The new standards will be applicable to HD vocational vehicles (such... Read more →


BASF is now the first manufacturer to offer AdBlue as a ZeroPCF variant with a certified CO2 footprint (product carbon footprint = PCF) of <0.05 kg per kilogram of AdBlue. This value includes the amount of CO2 emitted in connection with the product during production up to the site gate... Read more →


Used primarily in high-voltage electrical switchgear in electric power grids, sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) is one of the most potent greenhouse gases on Earth. The GWP of SF6 is 24,300 that of CO2, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). In the 21st century, atmospheric... Read more →


Transport alone is set to make up nearly half of Europe’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2030, new Transport & Environment (T&E) analysis shows. European transport emissions have increased by more than a quarter since 1990, and T&E’s State of European Transport analysis finds that while emissions across the wider... Read more →


EPA announced a final rule, Multi-Pollutant Emissions Standards for Model Years 2027 and Later Light-Duty and Medium-Duty Vehicles, that sets new, more protective standards to further reduce air pollutant emissions from light-duty and medium-duty vehicles starting with model year 2027. The final standards will significantly reduce emissions of greenhouse gases... Read more →


Stellantis partners with CARB on GHG reduction

Stellantis is partnering with the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to further the automaker’s greenhouse gas emissions reductions from new light-duty vehicles and commitment to zero-emissions technology, including through investments in charging infrastructure. Under the agreement, Stellantis will contribute to save more than 10 million additional metric tons of greenhouse... Read more →


In California, an increase in power sector greenhouse gas emissions, particularly from in-state generation, in recent years is offsetting progress made in the transportation sector, and threatening the state’s goals overall, according to the 15th annual California Green Innovation Index, released by the nonpartisan nonprofit Next 10 and prepared by... Read more →


Cummins settles California certification procedure and emissions violations case for $46 million

The California Air Resources Board (CARB) and California Department of Justice (DOJ) announced a $46-million settlement with engine manufacturer Cummins. The settlement resolves DOJ and CARB’s claims for violations of California engine emissions control and certification requirements. Cummins made undisclosed changes to approximately 120,000 engines in California after CARB had... Read more →


European Parliament adopts Euro 7 to reduce road transport emissions

The European Parliament has adopted the deal reached with the Council on the Euro 7 regulation (type-approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles). Vehicles will need to comply with the new standards for longer, ensuring they remain cleaner throughout their lifetime. The vote was 297 in favor, 190 against and... Read more →


EPA issues final rule on air toxics from gasoline distribution facilities

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued final amendments to the Gasoline Distribution National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), including both major and area source categories. In addition, EPA issued final updates to the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) for Bulk Gasoline Terminals. Gasoline distribution facilities include storage... Read more →


MAN Energy Solutions announced the production of a massive Cluster 5 Double Layer SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) catalytic converter for customer, MITSUI E&S Co., Ltd.. The cluster comes ammonia-ready and is the largest such unit that the company has ever built. Such systems are typically used aboard cruise ships and... Read more →


UC Irvine study finds that up to 80% of brake wear particles are electrically charged

University of California, Irvine researchers have demonstrated that up to 80% of brake wear particles (BWP) are electrically charged. In an open-access paper in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), the team suggests that the findings suggest that control strategies that exploit the unique electrical properties of brake... Read more →


US arrests San Diego man for smuggling HFCs into US and selling them

Michael Hart of San Diego was arrested on Monday and charged with smuggling greenhouse gases into the United States from Mexico and then selling them for profit. This is the first prosecution in the United States to include charges related to the American Innovation and Manufacturing Act of 2020 (AIM... Read more →


UNC researchers find increase in inflammation triggered by diesel exposure during respiratory infection

Exposure to diesel exhaust particles triggers higher levels of inflammation, especially during a respiratory infection, according to researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Researchers found that diesel exhaust exposure impedes a process that boosts immune responses and modifies the body’s protective response to tissue-damaging immune cells.... Read more →


Korean study finds long-term air pollution exposure associated with higher indicence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction and in-hospital cardiogenic shock

A study by a team of researchers in South Korea has found that long-term exposure to air pollution is associated with increased incidence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) compared with non-STEMI (NSTEMI). STEMI is a type of heart attack that occurs due to a prolonged blockage in one of the... Read more →


At the production site for power electronics in Klášterec in the Czech Republic, ZF is opening its first zero-emission factory after a renovation period of just under a year and a half. The plant, which is part of the Electrified Powertrain Technology division, supports the company’s efforts to achieve climate... Read more →


Canada awards Rio Tinto IOC C$18.1M to decarbonize iron ore processing in Labrador West

The Government of Canada awarded C$18.1 million (US$13.4 million) from its Low Carbon Economy Fund to Rio Tinto’s Iron Ore Company of Canada (IOC) to support the decarbonization of iron ore processing at its operations in Labrador West. The funding will enable IOC to reduce the amount of heavy fuel... Read more →


Santos signs MOU to support green steel transformation of Whyalla Steelworks in South Australia

Santos has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with one of South Australia’s biggest commercial industrial gas users, Liberty Primary Metals Australia Pty Ltd (part of GFG Alliance), to enter into discussions for gas supply combined with carbon capture and storage (CCS) opportunities to support the green steel transformation of... Read more →


Rio Tinto signs Australia’s biggest renewable power deal as it works to repower Gladstone aluminum operations

Rio Tinto has signed Australia’s largest renewable power purchase agreement (PPA) to date to supply its Gladstone operations in Queensland, agreeing to buy the majority of electricity from Windlab’s planned 1.4GW Bungaban wind energy project. The agreement, which follows the announcement last month of a PPA for the Upper Calliope... Read more →


UNECE to introduce methodology to measure particle emissions from tires

Made from a mixture of natural and synthetic rubber and plastic polymers, including other chemical components, tires represent a significant source of non-exhaust emissions. Tire abrasion is produced when there is friction with the road surface, for example when vehicles turn, accelerate or brake. Small particles break off from tires... Read more →


New Mexico legislature passes low carbon fuels bill

The New Mexico legislature passed The Clean Transportation Fuels Standard (HB 41). New Mexico Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham, who supported the legislation, is expected to sign it into law. The bill provides the Environmental Improvement Board the authority to adopt rules setting a carbon intensity standard for transportation fuels and... Read more →


A new Carnegie Mellon study finds that the climate change and human health costs of owning and operating a plug-in electric vehicle in coal-heavy regions of the eastern United States have dropped significantly as coal-fired power plants that supply electricity to charge electric vehicles have been displaced by natural gas.... Read more →


Volkswagen Group to convert to R744 for all BEVs by 2030

As reported by the CO2 refrigeration marketplace R744, the Volkswagen Group plans to convert all mobile air conditioning heat pumps in its battery electric vehicles (BEV) models to CO2 (R744) by 2030. The Group made the statement in a public comment submitted regarding the European PFAS Restriction Proposal. In 2023,... Read more →


The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) tightened the annual health-based national ambient air quality standard for fine particulate matter (PM2.5) from a level of 12 micrograms per cubic meter to 9 micrograms per cubic meter. Along with strengthening the primary annual PM2.5 standard, EPA is modifying the PM2.5 monitoring network... Read more →


Scientists at the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, a center for iron research, have developed a process to convert the toxic red mud waste resulting from the refinement of bauxite into alumina into valuable and sustainable feedstock for iron-making using green hydrogen-plasma-based reduction. An open-access paper on their work is published in... Read more →


BASF Coatings offering LCA tool for automotive paintshops: GLASS

Reducing the ecological footprint towards CO2 neutrality is a significant goal for many industries and value chains, including the coating and pre-treatment processes of the automotive industry. Through its GLASS tool, BASF’s Coatings division offers an analysis approach that enables transparency and supports customers in making informed decisions for sustainable... Read more →


DOE awarding $37M to 7 projects decarbonizing iron and steel

The US Department of Energy (DOE) will award $37 million to 7 projects focused on decarbonization opportunities in iron and steel production, including innovative manufacturing technologies to enable decarbonization; electrification of existing manufacturing processes; overcoming challenges associated with utilizing hydrogen in steelmaking; and addressing scrap contaminants in recycling. The iron... Read more →


European Parliament and Council reach deal on reducing CO2 emissions for new heavy-duty vehicles

The European Parliament and Council reached a provisional agreement on new measures to strengthen CO2 emission reduction targets for new heavy-duty vehicles. Negotiators agreed on CO2 emissions reduction targets of 45% for the period 2030-2034; 65% for 2035-2039; and 90% as of 2040, applying for large trucks (including vocational vehicles,... Read more →


Nissan Formula E Team will work with biotech company VAXA Technologies to offset carbon emissions generated during Season 9 of the ABB FIA Formula E World Championship. Coral, which specializes in reliably offsetting carbon emissions, has now released its report on the team's total carbon dioxide emissions (CO2e) during the... Read more →


Researchers at Waseda University in Japan, with a colleague from Isuzu Central Research, are proposing electric field-assisted lean NOx reduction for lean-burn engines. An open-access paper on their work is published in the RSC journal Chemical Communications. Lean-burn engines offer lower CO2 emissions, higher thermal efficiency, and better fuel economy... Read more →


A study by a team from the University of Birmingham (UK) finds that low-carbon bio-alcohols and bio-ketones in advanced clean propulsion systems demonstrate a high potential for strategies for vehicular emissions abatement, such as their utilization in hybrid vehicles. In the short term, the researchers conclude, this will improve air... Read more →


Researchers from the Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, with colleagues from University of Jinan, have developed a novel electrification strategy to improve NOx removal performance at low temperatures. The study was published in Environmental Science & Technology. NOx storage reduction (NSR) is... Read more →


Cummins agrees to pay $1.675B penalty over defeat devices

Cummins reached an agreement in principle with the United States and State of California to pay a $1.675-billion penalty to settle claims that it violated the Clean Air Act by installing emissions defeat devices on 630,000 model year 2013 to 2019 RAM 2500 and 3500 pickup truck engines. The Clean... Read more →


European Council and Parliament strike provisional Euro 7 deal

The European Council and the European Parliament reached a provisional agreement on the Euro 7 regulation for the type-approval of motor vehicles and engines, and of the systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, with respect to their emissions and battery durability. The new regulation sets rules... Read more →


Westport Fuel Systems has been awarded a development program by a global heavy truck manufacturer to adapt Westport’s Next Generation LNG HPDI fuel system to meet the Euro 7 emissions requirements for heavy-duty vehicle applications. The value of the development program is estimated to be US$33 million and will be... Read more →


Researchers from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the SMS group have developed a new dry-reforming process to reduce CO2 emission of worldwide steel production by several hundred million tons per year. It is based on modernizing blast furnace technology with moderate investments and has already been demonstrated successfully... Read more →


US and Canada create Rail Decarbonization Task Force

The United States and Canada have created a Rail Decarbonization Task Force to develop a common vision to reduce emissions from the rail sector. The partners say they will: establish a joint research agenda to test the safe integration of emerging technologies, including hydrogen-powered and battery-electric locomotives; coordinate strategies to... Read more →


The Belgian Provincial Institute of Hygiene (PIH) announced the results of six-monthly blood lead measurements among children living near the Umicore metals recycling site in Hoboken, Belgium. Until earlier this year, the blood tests were carried out on children living in the adjacent neighborhoods of Moretusburg and Hertogvelden. Now for... Read more →


California launches methane-cutting effort with subnational governments at COP28

California officially launched a new international climate initiative that creates a partnership of subnational governments that are committed to reducing methane at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP28) hosted in Dubai. The effort, which was initially announced in September during Climate Week, has expanded to 15 signatories, which include... Read more →


Fraunhofer researchers, TS ELINO GmbH and Salzgitter AG are working on converting an existing steel mill to climate-neutral production methods. The aim is to produce steel by the direct reduction of iron ore with hydrogen, which would completely replace coke as a reducing agent. The hydrogen required for this method... Read more →


The modified glider at the center of Airbus UpNext’s hydrogen contrail-studying experiment, Blue Condor, made its first hydrogen-powered flight over Nevada on 8 November. The flight was the company’s first to use hydrogen as the sole fuel source, and it kicked off a test campaign that will conclude in a... Read more →


US coal-related CO2 emissions decreased by 7%, or 68 million metric tons (MMmt), in 2022 relative to 2021, according to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). This decrease was largely due to an 8% decline in coal-fired power generation because of retiring coal-fired generating capacity. Changes in electricity generation sources... Read more →


EPFL spin-off Qaptis has developed a mobile carbon capture system that can cut freight trucks’ carbon emissions by up to 90%. The company just installed a prototype of its technology at a freight carrier based in Tolochenaz in order to conduct pilot tests locally. Every year, trucks shipping goods across... Read more →


DOE releases Request for Information to achieve rail sector decarbonization

Recognizing that the rail sector generates 2% of US transportation greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the Department of Energy (DOE) has released the Progression to Net-Zero Emission Propulsion Technologies for the Rail Sector request for information (RFI) to understand applicable decarbonization strategies (DE-FOA-0003186). The purpose of this RFI is to solicit... Read more →


MAN Energy Solutions is developing an oxidation catalyst for four-stroke engines that will significantly reduce methane slip. Called IMOKAT II and developed at MAN Energy Solutions’ headquarters in Augsburg, Germany, the research project is currently undergoing testing at the company’s Frederikshavn, Denmark facility. Funded by the German Federal Ministry for... Read more →


Ammonia can be utilized directly in a combustion engine without conversion to hydrogen, and the infrastructure already exists as it is one of the most produced and transported chemicals. Thus, ammonia—one of the most cost-efficient ways to carry and store renewable hydrogen—can facilitate the introduction of hydrogen into the existing... Read more →


NREL study finds rapid adoption of ZEVs will move to US to 80% or more drop in GHG emissions by 2050

The rapid adoption of zero-emission electric vehicles will move the nation close to an 80% or more drop in transportation greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 from the 2019 level according to researchers from the US Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). An open-access paper on the work is... Read more →


Technology group Wärtsilä has introduced a new ultra-low emissions version of its already efficient Wärtsilä 31DF engine. When operating on LNG, this new version can further reduce methane emissions on a 50% load point by up to 56% and nitrogen oxide (NOx) by up to 86%. On a weighted average,... Read more →